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ADS-B Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast

ADS-B, which consists of two different services, "ADS-B Out" and "ADS-B In", will be replacing radar as the primary surveillance method for controlling aircraft worldwide. In the United States, ADS-B is an integral component of the NextGen national airspace strategy for upgrading or enhancing aviation infrastructure and operations. The ADS-B system can also provide traffic and government generated graphical weather information through TIS-B and FIS-B applications. ADS-B enhances safety by making an aircraft visible, realtime, to ATC and to other appropriately equipped ADS-B aircraft withing 15 nm with position and velocity data transmitted every second. ADS-B is not intended to alleviate pilot’s responsibility to “See and Avoid” nor is intended to replace TCAS in any manor.  ADS-B operates on VHF frequencies 978 MHz and 1090 MHz. Aircraft normally operating below FL180 will use a 978MHz (UAT) Universal Access Transceiver and aircraft normally operating above FL180 will use 1090 MHz (ES) Extended Squitter Transponder.  (ES) or Extended Squitter can be viewed as a higher bandwidth capability than a standard transponder. We can help you verify the compatability of you part/mod numbers with your avionics manufacturer and provide solutions to bring you into compliance. Once ADS-B is fully implemented traditional radar will serve a backup function.

ADS-B Out

"ADS-B Out" broadcasts information about each aircraft, such as identification, current position, altitude, and velocity, through an onboard transmitter. 

ADS-B In

"ADS-B In" is the reception by aircraft of FIS-B and TIS-B data and other ADS-B data such as direct communication from nearby aircraft.

ADS-B Services 

  (TIS-B) Traffic Information Services – Broadcast

        TIS-B is the broadcast of radar traffic information to ADS-B equipped aircraft from (GBTs)
        Ground Based Transmitters on 978 MHz or 1090 Mhz.

  (FIS-B) Flight Information Services – Broadcast

        FIS-B is a free ground-to-air broadcast of meteorological and aeronautical information on
        978 MHz with service reported to be available up to FL240. The information broadcast
        may be displayed as text or graphical depending on system capabilities.

        FIS-B information includes:

        TAFS, NEXRAD, PIREPS, AIRMETS, SIGMETS, CONVECTIVE SIGMETS, TEMPS ALOFT, WINDS
        ALOFT, D NOTAMS, FDC NOTAMS, TFRS, and Special Use Airspace Status.
        Bandwidth limitations curently prevent FIS-B for aircraft operating on 1090 MHz systems. 

 

ADS-B Implementation Mandate           

Europe by Jan 2015

Australia by Dec 2013

Already available in certain US locations.  Full implementation by 2020